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Friction Against Evolution

There is no other widely accepted scientific theory that accounts for the diversity of life on our planet and its constant adaption. Other lines of argument against the validity of evolution are based in religion. Evolution does not deal with religious subjects and ramifications in itself, but many religious people feel it runs counter to their view of the development and diversity of life and have developed counter theories.

"Intelligent Design" proposed an unnamed consciousness devised all of the intricate workings of all biological organisms. The main supposition is that all of the world's thriving organisms work too well to have developed by chance. It is based on simple incredulity rather than trying to discover or reason how organisms develop. It was proven in court in 2005 that Intelligent Design was a repackaged scheme to have fundamentalist Christian creationism wrapped in a guise of scientific doubt to have it taught in public schools.

Intelligent design is the religious belief that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not a naturalistic process such as natural selection. Implicit in the intelligent design doctrine is a redefining of science and how it is conducted. Wedge strategy proponents are dogmatically opposed to materialism, naturalism, and evolution,and have made the removal of each from how science is conducted and taught an explicit goal.

Creationism, or any religion's creation story is fully protected by the Constitution when it is taught and discussed in a religious institution. But religious education must be kept out of public schools unless specifically labeled as religious teaching and not masquerading as science.

Teachers Should Teach Both Sides

There are hundreds of different religious views concerning creation. It is simply impossible for all of these views to be presented. Furthermore, none of the theories are based in science and therefore have no place in a science classroom. In a science class, students can debate where a creature branched off in the tree of life, but it is not right to argue a religious belief in a science class. The “fairness” argument is often used by groups attempting to inject their religious views in to the scientific curricula.

Intelligent Design is a an equally valid opposing theory.

Intelligent design (ID) is the assertion that "certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection. It is a modern form of the traditional teleological argument for the existence of God, but one which avoids specifying the nature or identity of the designer.The idea was developed by a group of American creationists who reformulated their argument in the creation-evolution controversy to circumvent court rulings that prohibit the teaching of creationism as science. Intelligent design's leading proponents – all of whom are associated with the Discovery Institute, a politically conservative think tank – believe the designer to be the God of Christianity.

"An inordinate fondness for beetles."
J.B.S. Haldane,
when asked what he could infer about the mind of the Creator in reference to there being over 350,000 known species of beetles in the world, and that this represents 40% of all known insect species (at the time of the quote, it was over half of all known insect species).

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We can allow satellites, planets, suns, universe, nay whole systems of universes to be governed by laws, but the smallest insect, we wish to be created at once by special act.
Charles Darwin

Evolution cannot explain structures of Irreducible Complexity; things that must be made completely at once, spontaneously, otherwise they fail.

Intelligent Design was proven in court to be a poorly disguised attempt to add religious curriculum into public schools proposed in the Wedge Strategy action plan attributed to Phillip E. Johnson. It is not a fully formed explanation of natural forces and processes and only argues why evolution can't happen.

See news story:

Download the legal judgment here

Read the text of the Wedge Strategy here. This was nowhere to be found on the Discovery Institute's website.

This argument has been refuted by the scientific community because it ignores accounting for simpler, developmental structures. Or structures that may have been similar but evolved a different function, so it appears to have been created spontaneously.

If you can't explain something, then there must be a supernatural cause.

This is the "god of the gaps" argument. It does not logically follow that just because there is no current explanation or understanding of a phenomenon or process there must be a supernatural cause. However, this also means that supernatural causes cannot be excluded.

Evolution has not been observed.

Evolution was originally inferred from observations, but even current observations indicate evolution is in progress. See the story Birdfeeders and Evolution.

We must, however, acknowledge, as it seems to me, that man with all his noble qualities... still bears in his bodily frame the indelible stamp of his lowly origin.
Charles Darwin